GeoScience: K-12 Resources

This "page" is an ongoing project to see what relevant K-12 GeoScience resources are available "out there". This page (since it sits in Calgary) has a definite petroleum or 'soft rock' bias. Also, since we're "in" Alberta, one of the initial focuses will start from Alberta Education's curriculum. This prescribes GeoScience topics in Science classes in Grade 3/7/8/11/12. Another aim of this page is to identify Calgary, Albertan, Canadian and International field trips and GeoScience sites of interest. I've also included general Earth Science Meta-links. Also the hope is that classroom projects, activities, and other GeoScience information produced by students will be pointed to or exhibited here. The overall point is to foster and facilitate dialogue among the 'greater' GeoScience community.

[Top] [Grade 3/7/8/11/12] [Cal/Ab/Cdn/Earth Sites] [MetaLinks]

All suggestions, materials,etc. to will be appreciated. Communication by students, teachers and other GeoScience Web authors is especially desired, in order to make this and other pages more useful to young GeoScientists.

"The world we live in presents an endless variety of fascinating problems which excite our wonder and curiosity ... They indicate that - in general terms - scientific investigation is concerned with the manifestations and transformations of matter and energy in space and time. Put more briefly and philosophically, science is concerned with relationships between events." (from "Principles of Physical Geology", Arthur Holmes)

General GeoScience Resources

  • Usenet news group:sci.geo.petroleum
  • Usenet news group:sci.geo.geology
  • sci.geo.petroleum Internet Resources is the best starting point if you're looking for an organization or petroleum industry related resource.
  • A good starting point for someone who would like to obtain a geophysical/geological 'flavour' is the archive of The Earth Science Site of the Week, or the "resource lists" at Yahoo, Galaxy, Virtual Library, , The Virtual Earth and The SOFT EARTH.

    EarthNet: The Canadian GeoScience Education Network

    CGEN is an umbrella group concerned with all levels of geoscience education in Canada. It encourages activities designed to increase public awareness of geoscience. The Network acts as a forum to stimulate and coordinate. EdGEO supports local workshops on earth science for Canadian teachers. Since programs related to K-12 education in schools are best delivered on a local scale, CGEN's Web Site - Intro, Names&Addresses, Reports, and Earth Science Resource Catalogue - is well worth visiting. They've also just published the very useful "PAST: A Geoscientists Guide to Public Awareness of Science and Technology". "Any" question can be directed to, or The Science Hotline -, or (403) 263-6226.

  • GEOSCIED IV will be in Calgary in August 10-14, 2003. The aims of the IGEO are: to promote geoscience education internationally at all levels; to work for the enhancement of quality in the international provision of geoscience education; to encourage developments that raise public awareness of geoscience, particularly amongst younger people.

  • The Calgary Science Network's All You Need to Know to Teach Rocks and Minerals, and Geology of Calgary field trip - contact - Making Connections, CSN, or (403) 230-1431 to enquire about this or later workshops.

  • The Provincial Museum of Alberta in Edmonton has just published A Traveler's Guide to Geological Wonders in Alberta. Ron Mussieux and Marilyn Nelson detail over 100 geological sites to explore with photos, maps, diagrams and cross-sections.

    [Top] [Grade 3/7/8/11/12] [Cal/Ab/Cdn/Earth Sites] [MetaLinks]

    The GeoSciences in the Alberta Curriculum

    (These topics are the prescribed Alberta K-12 GeoScience curriculum.)
  • Grade 3: Rocks and Minerals. "Minerals are the building blocks of rocks. Minerals are solid, naturally occurring inorganic substances with definite chemical compositions and whose atoms are systematically arranged. This orderly arrangement of atoms is repeated three-dimensionally... Rocks are aggregates of minerals. Some rocks are composed of one mineral...others are combinations of minerals... The rocks of the earth's crust and upper mantle...participate in a grand recycling system known as the rock cycle... This cycle involves the creation, modification, and eventual destruction of three major classes of rocks...(from "Geology of the Calgary Area", L.Jackson & M. Wilson, CSPG,1987)
  • Grade 7: Evidence of Erosion. "The circulations of matter that are continually going on in the zones of air and water, and even of life, constitute a very complicated mechanism which is maintained, essentially, by the heat from the sun. ...These circulations are responsible for an important group of geological processes, for the agents involved - wind (moving air), rain and rivers (moving water) and glaciers (moving ice) - act on the land by breaking up the rocks and so producing rock-waste which is gradually carried away." ("Principles of Physical Geology", Arthur Holmes)

    In Calgary, petroleum geologists work exclusively with sedimentary rocks. These rocks are,of course, derived from existing rocks by processes of weathering and erosion, and form by accumulation and consolidation of the transported material. Thus geologists and geophysicists must intimately understand these processes in order to explore for and exploit the oil and gas that is sometimes found in porous rocks.

  • NEW Grade 7: Unit E - Planet Earth - patterns in the nature and distribution of landforms and materials that lead to the development of earth processes and geological structures
  • Grade 8: The Crust. "Geology involves study of the physiographic features and rocks at the Earth's surface and deduction of the processes and history of their formation. The direct observation of this accessible part of the Earth lead to the conclusion that the present shapes and positions of the continents, distribution of features such as mountain ranges, as well as distribution of various rock types are second-order results of major processes occurring within the mantle... the crust of the Earth and the upper mantle ...appears to dominate its behavior" (from "The Dynamic Earth",P.J.Wylie)
  • Grade 11: (Science 20) The Changing Earth. The theory of Plate Tectonics came about because our 'measurements of matter and energy (actually seismic velocity, magnetic and gravity fields, paleomagnetism, age determinations, and chemical compositions) in time and space' on and within our Earth, caused a Revolution in the GeoSciences (in the late'60's). How did this happen? Will another theory arise from observations that do not fit into the accepted view. A unified view of Earth processes and an understanding of the process of the development of a scientific theory could come out of this topic.
  • Grade 12: (Science 30) Energy and the Environment. Fossil fuels and global warming, global energy supply and demand, the environmental GeoSciences and a systems approach, sustainable development and global change...all these topics demand a macroscopic view of the broad systems of which we are one of the parts....these or many others are relevant and important topics for today and tomorrow...

    [Top] [Grade 3/7/8/11/12] [Cal/Ab/Cdn/Earth Sites] [MetaLinks]

    Field Trips and Local Resources and Sites

    This is the place where suggestions for local field trips and classroom projects are invited to "sit". So ... send them ... If you would like some help in developing a GeoScience classroom project... just geologists and geophysicists and other earth scientists are a helpful bunch...
  • In and Around Calgary
  • In and Around Alberta
  • In and Around Canada
  • In and Around The Earth

    [Top] [Grade 3/7/8/11/12] [Cal/Ab/Cdn/Earth Sites] [MetaLinks]

    General K-12 GeoScience Resources

    [Top] [Grade 3/7/8/11/12] [Cal/Ab/Cdn/Earth Sites] [MetaLinks]

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